Découvrez la liste de 11 personnalités congolaises contre lesquelles l’UE vient de reconduire les sanctions

L’Union européenne a décidé de reconduire ses sanctions contre 11 personnalités congolaises pro-Kabila pour une année encore, jusqu’au 12 décembre 2021. Il s’agit des personnalités politiques, officiers de l’armée, de la police ou des services de renseignements qui sous le régime de Joseph Kabila se sont illustrées par le discours de haine et les violations des droits de l’homme.

Parmi les personnalités figurent Emmanuel Ramazani Shadary, Kalev Mutond, général Kanyama, Evariste Boshab, etc. Leurs avoirs sont gelés et ils sont interdits de séjourner sur le sol européen.

LISTE DE 11 PERSONNALITES SANCTIONNEES

1 Ilunga KAMPETE a.k.a. Gaston Hughes Ilunga Kampete; Hugues
Raston Ilunga Kampete

Military ID number: 1-64-86-22311-29
Address: 69, avenue Nyangwile, Kinsuka Mimosas,
Kinshasa/Ngaliema, DRC
Gender: Male
As Commander of the Republican Guard (GR) until April 2020, Ilunga Kampete was responsible for the GR units deployed on the ground and involved in
the disproportionate use of force and violent repression in September 2016
in Kinshasa.
He was also responsible for the repression and infringement of human rights
committed by GR agents, such as the violent repression of an opposition rally
in Lubumbashi in December 2018.
Since July 2020, he remains a high-ranking soldier, as a Lieutenant General in
the Congolese Armed Forces (FARDC) and Commander of the Kitona military base in the province of Kongo Central. By virtue of his functions, he bears
responsibility for the recent human rights violations committed by the
FARDC.
Ilunga Kampete was therefore involved in planning, directing or committing
acts that constitute serious human rights violations or abuses in the DRC.
12.12.2016

2 Gabriel Amisi KUMBA a.k.a. Gabriel Amisi Nkumba; “Tango Fort”; “Tango
Four”


Military ID number: 1-64-87-77512-30
Address: 22, avenue Mbenseke, Ma Campagne,
Kinshasa/Ngaliema, DRC
Gender: Male
Former Commander of the first defence zone of the Congolese Armed Forces
(FARDC), which took part in the disproportionate use of force and violent
repression in September 2016 in Kinshasa.
In his capacity as Deputy Chief of Staff of the FARDC in charge of operations
and intelligence from July 2018 to July 2020, and owing to his senior duties
as Inspector General of the FARDC since July 2020, he bears responsibility
for recent human rights violations committed by the FARDC.
Gabriel Amisi Kumba was therefore involved in planning, directing or committing acts that constitute serious human rights violations or abuses in the
DRC.
12.12.2016
EN Official Journal of the European Union 11.12.2020 L 419/31
Name Identifying information Grounds for listing Date of listing

3 Ferdinand Ilunga LUYOYO
DRC passport number: OB0260335 (valid from
15.4.2011 to 14.4.2016)
Address: 2, avenue des Orangers, Kinshasa/Gombe,
DRC
Gender: Male
As Commander of the anti-riot unit called the Légion Nationale d’Intervention
of the Congolese National Police (PNC) until 2017, and Commander of the
unit responsible for the protection of institutions and high-ranking officials
within the PNC until December 2019, Ferdinand Ilunga Luyoyo was responsible for the disproportionate use of force and violent repression in September 2016 in Kinshasa, and bears responsibility for the subsequent human
rights violations committed by the PNC.
Ferdinand Ilunga Luyoyo was therefore involved in planning, directing or
committing acts that constitute serious human rights violations or abuses in
the DRC.
Ferdinand Ilunga Luyoyo has retained his rank of General and remains active
on the public scene in the DRC.
12.12.2016

4 Célestin KANYAMA a.k.a. Kanyama Tshisiku Celestin; Kanyama Celestin
Cishiku Antoine; Kanyama Cishiku Bilolo Célestin;
“Esprit de mort”


DRC passport number: OB0637580 (valid from
20.5.2014 to 19.5.2019)
Schengen visa number 011518403, issued on
2.7.2016
Address: 56, avenue Usika, Kinshasa/Gombe, DRC
Gender: Male
As Commissioner of the Congolese National Police (PNC), Célestin Kanyama
was responsible for the disproportionate use of force and violent repression
in September 2016 in Kinshasa.
In July 2017, Célestin Kanyama was appointed Director-General of the PNC’s
training schools. Owing to his role as a senior PNC official, he bears responsibility for the recent human rights violations committed by the PNC. One
example is the intimidation and deprivation of freedom imposed on journalists by police officers in October 2018, after the publication of a series of
articles on the misappropriation of police cadet rations, and the role that
Célestin Kanyama played in these events.
Célestin Kanyama was therefore involved in planning, directing or committing acts that constitute serious human rights violations or abuses in the DRC.
12.12.2016


5 John NUMBI a.k.a. John Numbi Banza Tambo; John Numbi Banza
Ntambo; Tambo Numbi

POB: Jadotville-Likasi-Kolwezi, DRC
Nationality: DRC
Address: 5, avenue Oranger, Kinshasa/Gombe, DRC
Gender: Male
John Numbi was Inspector General of the Congolese Armed Forces (FARDC)
from July 2018 until July 2020. Owing to his role, he bears responsibility for
the recent human rights violations committed by the FARDC, such as disproportionate violence against illegal miners from June to July 2019 committed
by FARDC troops under his direct authority.
John Numbi was therefore involved in planning, directing or committing acts
that constitute serious human rights violations or abuses in the DRC.
John Numbi retains a position of influence in the FARDC, especially in
Katanga, where serious human rights violations committed by the FARDC
have been reported.
12.12.2016
EN Official Journal of the European Union L 419/32 11.12.2020
Name Identifying information Grounds for listing Date of listing

6 Evariste BOSHAB a.k.a. Evariste Boshab Mabub Ma Bileng
Nationality: DRC
Diplomatic passport number: DP0000003 (valid
from 21.12.2015 to 20.12.2020)
Schengen visa expired on 5.1.2017
Address: 3, avenue du Rail, Kinshasa/Gombe, DRC
Gender: Male
In his capacity as Vice Prime Minister and Minister of Interior and Security
from December 2014 to December 2016, Evariste Boshab was officially
responsible for the police and security services and for coordinating the
work of provincial governors. In this capacity, he was responsible for arrests
of activists and opposition members, as well as disproportionate use of force,
including between September 2016 and December 2016 in response to
demonstrations in Kinshasa, which resulted in a large number of civilians
being killed or injured by security services.
Evariste Boshab was therefore involved in planning, directing or committing
acts that constitute serious human rights violations or abuses in the DRC.
Evariste Boshab also played a part in the exploitation and aggravation of the
crisis in the Kasai region, where he maintains a position of influence, in particular since becoming Senator of Kasai in March 2019.
29.5.2017


7 Alex Kande MUPOMPA a.k.a. Alexandre Kande Mupomba; KandeMupompa
POB: Kananga, DRC
Nationality: DRC and Belgian
DRC passport number: OP0024910 (valid from
21.3.2016 to 20.3.2021)
Addresses: Messidorlaan 217/25, 1180 Uccle,
Belgium
1, avenue Bumba, Kinshasa/Ngaliema, DRC
Gender: Male
As Governor of Kasai Central until October 2017, Alex Kande Mupompa was
responsible for the disproportionate use of force, violent repression and
extrajudicial killings committed by security forces and the Congolese
National Police (PNC) in Kasai Central from August 2016, including killings
in the territory of Dibaya in February 2017.
Alex Kande Mupompa was therefore involved in planning, directing or committing acts that constitute serious human rights violations or abuses in the
DRC.
Alex Kande Mupompa also played a part in the exploitation and aggravation
of the crisis in the Kasai region for which he was a representative until October 2019 and in which he maintains a position of influence as leader of the
Congrès des alliés pour l’action au Congo (CAAC) which is part of the provincial
government of Kasai.
29.5.2017

8 Jean-Claude Kazembe
MUSONDA

POB: Kashobwe, DRC
Nationality: DRC
Address: 7891, avenue Lubembe, Quartier Lido,
Lubumbashi, Haut-Katanga, DRC
As Governor of Haut-Katanga until April 2017, Jean-Claude Kazembe
Musonda was responsible for the disproportionate use of force and violent
repression committed by security forces and the Congolese National Police
(PNC) in Haut-Katanga, including between 15 and 31 December 2016,
when 12 civilians were killed and 64 were injured as a result of the use of
lethal force by security forces including PNC agents in response to protests
in Lubumbashi.
29.5.2017
EN Official Journal of the European Union 11.12.2020 L 419/33
Name Identifying information Grounds for listing Date of listing
Gender: Male Jean-Claude Kazembe Musonda was therefore involved in planning, directing
or committing acts that constitute serious human rights violations or abuses
in the DRC.
Jean-Claude Kazembe Musonda is the leader of the CONAKAT party, which
has remained loyal to the Front Commun pour le Congo (FCC).

9 Éric RUHORIMBERE a.k.a. Eric Ruhorimbere Ruhanga; “Tango Two”;
“Tango Deux”

POB: Minembwe, DRC
Nationality: DRC
Military ID number: 1-69-09-51400-64
DRC passport number: OB0814241
Address: Mbujimayi, Kasai Province, DRC
Gender: Male
As Deputy Commander of the 21st military region from September 2014 to
July 2018, Éric Ruhorimbere was responsible for the disproportionate use of
force and extrajudicial killings perpetrated by the Congolese Armed Forces
(FARDC), in particular against the Nsapu militia and women and children.
Éric Ruhorimbere has been the Commander of the Nord Equateur operational sector since July 2018. Owing to his role, he bears responsibility for
the recent human rights violations committed by the FARDC.
Éric Ruhorimbere was therefore involved in planning, directing or committing acts that constitute serious human rights violations or abuses in the DRC.
29.5.2017

10 Emmanuel Ramazani SHADARI a.k.a. Emmanuel Ramazani Shadari Mulanda; Shadary
POB: Kasongo, DRC
Nationality: DRC
Address: 28, avenue Ntela, Mont Ngafula, Kinshasa,
DRC
Gender: Male
As Vice Prime Minister and Minister of Interior and Security until February
2018, Emmanuel Ramazani Shadari was officially responsible for the police
and security services and for coordinating the work of provincial governors.
In this capacity, he was responsible for the arrests of activists and opposition
members, as well as for the disproportionate use of force, such as the violent
crackdown on members of the Bundu Dia Kongo (BDK) movement in Kongo
Central, the repression in Kinshasa from January to February 2017 and the
disproportionate use of force and violent repression in the Kasai provinces.
In this capacity, Emmanuel Ramazani Shadari was therefore involved in planning, directing or committing acts that constitute serious human rights violations or abuses in the DRC.
Since February 2018, Emmanuel Ramazani Shadari has been permanent
secretary of the Parti du peuple pour la reconstruction et le développement
(PPRD), the main party in the coalition under former President Joseph Kabila.
29.5.2017
EN Official Journal of the European Union L 419/34 11.12.2020
Name Identifying information Grounds for listing Date of listing

11 Kalev MUTONDO a.k.a. Kalev Katanga Mutondo; Kalev Motono; Kalev
Mutundo; Kalev Mutoid; Kalev Mutombo; Kalev
Mutond; Kalev Mutondo Katanga; Kalev Mutund

Nationality: DRC
DRC passport number: DB0004470 (valid from
8.6.2012 to 7.6.2017)
Address: 24, avenue Ma Campagne, Kinshasa, DRC
Gender: Male
As Head of the National Intelligence Service (ANR) until February 2019,
Kalev Mutondo was involved in and responsible for the arbitrary arrest,
detention and mistreatment of opposition members, civil society activists
and others.
Kalev Mutondo was therefore involved in planning, directing or committing
acts that constitute serious human rights violations or abuses in the DRC.
In May 2019, he signed a declaration of past and future loyalty to Joseph
Kabila, to whom he remains close.
Kalev Mutondo still wields a high degree of political influence, in his new

Lire la décision de l’UE en cliquant sur ce lien : https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32020D2033&from=EN

Africa sans haine soutiens ces sanctions de l’UE qui s’inscrivent dans le cadre de la lutte contre l’impunité des crimes et autres violations des droits de l’homme en République démocratique du Congo.

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